The 84 asanas of Yoga

Several ancient and contemporary texts on yoga mention that there are 84 asanas, but then only outline or describe a handful of them. One text does list all 84, this is the Hatharatnavali by Srinivasa which is thought to have been composed between 1625 and 1695 AD (1).

Srinivasa, the author of the hatharatnavali gives some information about himself in the text. He is a scholar who is knowledgeable about the vedas, vedanta, tantra, nyaya and yoga. In addition to the hatharatnavali he also wrote the vedantaparibhasa and  commentaries on the work of sasadhara and manikanta misra.  We also find out that he lives in the tirabhukta region and his father was a great astronomer, probably called saravara and his mother’s name was somamba (Gharote et all, 2002).

The 84 asanas are outlined in chapter 3, and techniques are given for 36 of them. Here is the list:

  1. Siddhasana
  2. Bhadrasana
  3. Vajrasana
  4. Simhasana
  5. Silpasana
  6. Four types of Padmasana – i. Bandha Padmasana
  7. ii. KaraPadmasana
  8. iii. Samputita Padmasana
  9. iv. Suddha Padmasana
  10. Six types of Mayurasana – i. Danda Mayurasana
  11. ii. Parsva Mayurasana
  12. iii. Sahaja Mayurasana
  13. iv. Bandha Mayurasana
  14. v. Pinda Mayurasana
  15. vi. Eka Pada Mayurasana
  16. Bhaivarasana
  17. Kamadahanasana
  18. Paripatrasana
  19. Karmukasana
  20. Svastikasana
  21. Gomukhasana
  22. Virasana
  23. Mandukasana
  24. Markatasana
  25. Matsyendrasana
  26. Parsvamatsyendrasana
  27. Baddhamatsyendrasana
  28. Niralambanasana
  29. Candrasana
  30. Kanthavasana
  31. Ekapadakasana
  32. Phanindrasana
  33. Pascimatanasana
  34. Sayitapasimatanasana
  35. Citrakarani
  36. Yoga Nidra
  37. Vidhunanasana
  38. Padapidanasana
  39. Hamsasana
  40. Nabhitalasana
  41. Akasasana
  42. Utpadatalasana
  43. Nabhilastapadakasana
  44. Vrscikasana
  45. Cakrasana
  46. Utphalakasana
  47. Three types of Kurmasana i. Uttanakurmasana
  48. ii. Kurmasana
  49. iii. Baddhakurmasana
  50. Narjavasana
  51. Kabandhasana
  52. Goraksasana
  53. Angusthasana
  54. Mustikasana
  55. Bhramaprasaditasana
  56. Five Kukkutas such as i. Pancaculi Kukkuta
  57. ii. Ekapadakakukkuta
  58. iii. Akarita Kukkuta
  59. iv. Bhandaculi Kukkuta
  60. v. Parsvakukkuta
  61. Ardhanarisvarasana
  62. Bakasana
  63. Dharavahasana
  64. Candrakantasana
  65. Sudhasarasana
  66. Vyaghrasana
  67. Rajasana
  68. Indraniasana
  69. Sarabhasana
  70. Ratasana
  71. Citrapithasana
  72. Baddhapaksi-asana
  73. Isvarasana
  74. Vicitranalinasana
  75. Kantasana
  76. Suddhapaksi-asana
  77. Sumandraka
  78. Caurangi-asana
  79. Krauncasana
  80. Drdhasana
  81. Khagasana
  82. Brahmasana
  83. Nagapitha
  84. Savasana

So which of these postures are you familiar with?

(1) Gharote, Devnath and Kant Jha (2002) Hatharatnavali, Lonavla Yoga Institute, India.

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One Response to The 84 asanas of Yoga

  1. sfauthor says:

    Great posting. Do you know about these hatha yoga books?

    http://www.yogavidya.com/freepdfs.html

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