Sahasrara – thousand petalled lotus in the brain – seat of the supreme spirit.
Anja (command) between the eyebrows – represents the abode of joy (anandamaya kosa) – when this is activated the sadhaka gains control over the body and gains a spiritual aura. Colour = Pearl; Bija = ham, Pairs = 64 pair, Petals = two with ha and la as letters, deities = isvara with prakrti.
Visuddhi (pure) in the pharyngeal region – element of ether which represents the intellectual body, when activated the sadhaka’s power of understanding increases, speech becomes clear, distinct and fluent. Colour = white, Bija = am , Pairs= 72, Petals = 16, Vowels = 16. It is presided over by sadasiva in the form of ardhanarisvara
Anahata – (heart) This Chakra is found in the cardiac area, element of air and physical touch. Colour = smoky grey, Shape = hexagonal, Bija = mam, Pairs = fifty pairs, Element = air (vayu), Deities = 16 in the form of eleven indriyas, and five tanmatras , Petals = 12, Bijas = 12 (kam, kham, gam, gham, nam, cam, cham, jam, jham, nam, tam and tham)
Manipuraka – Is situated at the navel and is the seat of the element of fire (agni) and when activated the sadhaka is said to becomes calm in adverse circumstances. Shape = triangle, Bija = Ram, Deities = Sankara with Parvati, Petals = 10, Pairs = 64.
Svadhisthana (seat of vital force) situated above the organs of regeneration. This is the element of water and of taste. When it is activated the student becomes free from disease and vibrant with health. Colour = Ruby, Bija = Vam, Deities = Vishnu with Laksmi, Petals = 6, Pairs = 52.
Muladhara (mula – source; adhara – support/vital part) situated at the pelvis above the anus. This Chakra is the seat of the element of earth and smell, It is the base of the annamaya kosa – the body of nourishment, connected therefore with the absorption of food and evacuation. When this charka is activated the student becomes firm in vitality and ready to sublimate his energy. Colour = Golden, Bija = Lam, Deities = Savitri with Brahma and Ganesha with saravati, Petals = 4Pairs = 56.
BKS Iyengar, Light on Pranayama, The Crossroad Publishing Company, 2002.
Georg Feuerstein, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, Inner Traditions International, 1989.
Georg Feuerstein, The Yoga Tradition, Homh Press,1998.
M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Kumkhaka Paddhati of Raghuvira, Lonavla yoga Institute, 2002.
M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Yuktabhavadeva of Bhavadeva Misra, Lonavla yoga Institute, 2002.
M.L. Gharote, Applied Yoga, Lonavla yoga Institute, 1989.
Dr M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Hathapradipika, 10 chapters, 2002.