When the dormant Kundali gets aroused by the grace of the guru, than alone all the padmas (lotuses – chakras) and the granthis (knots) get pierced. HYP (10 Chapters) Ch V v 2 (Ch 3 v 2)
Granthis are thought of as psychic knots in the physical, subtle and energetic body. They are different from Chakras which can step up or step down the pranic energy flowing through sushumna, in that these knots have to be ‘pierced’ and dissolved to enable the free passage of prana. The granthis are said to be pierced by the kundalini force and so arousal of kundalini needs to take place before the granthis are dissolved.
The granthis are known as ‘Granthi traya’ and their individual names are: Brahma Granthi, Rudra Granthi and Visnu Granthi.
HYP (10 Chapters) Ch 8 v 37,38 (Ch4 v 71,70) On attainment of the arambha state a yogi develops a lustrous body, deep insight, complete well-being, sweet fragrance, contentment in heart enjoying void. He gets the brahma granthi pierced, unbridled joy emanating from absolute void and hearing a divine unstruck tinkling sound.
A resistance felt as the prana rises along sushumna situated in anja chakra in the centre of the eye-brows.
HYP (10 Chapters) Ch 8 v 39,40 (Ch4 v 72,73) Approaching the second state the vayu (prana) courses through the middle path in the body, asana becomes stable, the yogi gets wisdom and becomes like a god. Consequently, the visnu granthi is pierced, various sounds like that of a kettle drum are heard in the void (atisunya), heralding absolute bliss.
A resistance felt for the rising of prana at the visshudi chakra located in the throat.
HYP (10 Chapters) Ch 8 v 41 (Ch 4 v 74) In the third state, one clearly hears the sound of kettle drum (prana) reaches the mahasunya (centre of the eyebrows) resulting in attainment of all the siddhis (supernatural powers).
Piercing the granthis
The only method of piercing the granthis described in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika is through Bhastrika pranayama:
HYP (10 Chapters) Ch IV v 57 (Ch 2 v67) (Bhastrika pranayama) This practice removes the obstructions like mucus sticking on the mouth of brahma nadi, destroys the impediments in the passage of the frontal sinuses and pierces the three granthis in the body.
BKS Iyengar, Light on Pranayama, The Crossroad Publishing Company, 2002.
Georg Feuerstein, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, Inner Traditions International, 1989.
Georg Feuerstein, The Yoga Tradition, Homh Press,1998.
M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Kumkhaka Paddhati of Raghuvira, Lonavla yoga Institute, 2002.
M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Yuktabhavadeva of Bhavadeva Misra, Lonavla Yoga Institute, 2002.
M.L. Gharote, Applied Yoga, Lonavla yoga Institute, 1989.
Dr M.L. Gharote & Parimal Devnath, Hathapradipika, 10 chapters, 2002.